It is very obvious that once a person has sworn-in in court , the person has to say only the truth in a legal proceeding in the court. But quite contrary to this , it does occur that a person even after swearing-in in the court does say a lie or made to say a lie . which is a crime and obstructs justice.
When sworn-in in court then whatever being said has to be truth in the court and if instead of truth , false claim or lies is said in court , then that is called perjury. It does not help the court in administering justice .
Perjury occurs in all types of legal proceedings . The person commits perjury wilfully and knowing that whatever statements made is a lie . Making such false statement is to mislead the court and leads to miscarriage of justice.
But when such lies or false statements are made outside court then it does not account as perjury . Perjury is only if false statement is made under oath in a legal proceeding in court. It is also to be noted that such false statements when made impacts the legal proceedings is when a perjury is said to be committed. That is , when such false statements are related to the matter in the legal proceeding. Even inconsistent statements related to the matter made under oath also comes under perjury.
When perjury is committed on the persuasion of another , then it is subornation of perjury . Compelling another to make false statements under oath during a legal proceeding in court is also a crime . This false statement made intentionally by the one who took oath in court and the other who induced the other to commit perjury know that the statements made in court were lies.
Suborning perjury is indeed a crime as it is again misleading the court in the administration of justice. Suborn means to make one person do perjury. For subornation of pejury , first a perjury has to be committed , has to be committed intentionally and wilfully and the person committing perjury along with the person who persuaded has the knowledge that the statements made after swearing-in are lies .The person who had persuaded the other to commit perjury is also guilty of the crime .
When sworn-in in court , ensure that truth and only truth is said in court for administering justice.
Note:- We try our level best to avoid any kind of abusive content posted by users. Kindly report to us if you notice any, [email protected]